What is life? The
Soul and its Powers; Degrees of Life: Vegetative life, Sensitive
life and Intellectual life; Sense and Appetite; Intellectual
Appetite; Knowledge; the Human Person from Anthroplogical
– Part I
The origin and the
development of Indian Culture, Religion and Philosophy. The salient
features of Indian thought; Evolution of Indian thought. A general
understanding of Sruti, Smriti and Dharmasastra literature. The
progression of Indian thought through Polytheism, Henotheism,
Monotheism to Idealistic Monism. The Vedas and its division.
Upanishads and the Bhagvat Gita. Buddhist and Jaina Philosophy.
– Part II
A detailed study of
Yoga and Purva Mimamsa systems of thought. A general study of
Samkhya thought to help appreciate Yoga Philosophy and Yoga Ethics.
The Jnana Mimamsa and Tattva Mimamsa of the Mimamsa system to focus
on the divergent positions of Bhatta and Prabhakara Schools.
Existents. Participation – Essential, Existential and Accidental.
The Transcendental Properties of Being. Distinctions. Potency and
Act, Essence and Existence, Substance and Accidents. Causality –
History, Types, Validity. Existentialism and Metaphysics. Analytical
Philosophy and Metaphysics.
Philosophy of God
Theological notions of God. Theism and Atheism. Terminology. Fideism
and Rationalism. Existence of God. Demonstrations of the existence
of God. ‘The Five Ways’ of St. Thomas Aquinas. The ‘Two Ways’ of
Hermeneutical Phenomenology: The Quest for meaning and the
Experience of Contingence. The attributes of the Prime Being.
Conceptions of God in various religions, Philosophies, sects and the
New Age Movement. Some General and Pastoral Observations. Atheism in
History of Ancient
Pre-Socratic Philosophers: The Ionians, Thales, Anaximander,
Anaximenes. The Pythagoreans; Heraclitus. The Eleatic Philosophers:
Parmenides, Zeno. The Atomists: Empodcles, Anaxagoras, Democritus.
The Sophists. The Golden Age: Athens: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
Hellenism: The Cynics, The Epicureans, the Stoics. Neo-Platonism:
Plotinus, Philo of Alexandria.
Patristic period; Augustine, Psedo-Dionysius, Boethius, the
Carolingian Renaisssance. The Scholastic Period: John Scotus
Eriugena, Anselm of Canterbury. The influence of Islamic and Jewish
Philosophers on Christian Philosophers. Formation of Scholasticism.
Scholasticism proper: Bonaventure, Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas,
John Duns Scotus and William of Ockham.
Methodology. Scientific Presentation of term papers, theses and
dissertations: Parts of a paper, Capitalization, Punctuations,
Direct and Indirect quotations and Quotation marks. Citation I:
Footnotes and Endnotes. Citation II: Bibliographies.