The Psychological Fall
(A Psychology without a Soul?)
A brief over-view
The Twentieth century has been the psychological century par excellence. At the dawn of it the impact of Freud's psychoanalytic theories were already in circulation. So too the effects of Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology and Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology. Under their influence a new, psychological, culture began to evolve.
It is the psychological dogmatism which prompted me to undertake this particular study: to deal at some length with the Psychological Fall.
The first chapter treats with those fascinating and tempting theories of Freud's Psychoanalysis, Adler's Individual Psychology, Buddhist Psychology and of Contemporary Psychology.
And the second, attempts to offer a critique of the Apple of Temptation.
At the same time we would like also to affirm that even now a Psychological Redemption (chapter three) is not beyond the reach of well-meaning psychologists. How are they to pursue this goal? Part of the answer may be found if psychologists go back and examine the very roots of their subject-matter. There, they would discover to their amazement that Philosophy even in its earlier phase embraces virtually all the fundamental problems of modern and contemporary psychology: "sensation, perception, learning and memory, emotions, motivations, sleep and dreams, the temperament and its physiological basis, differences in personality, even the role of the mind in health and sickness of the body."
While doing so they are certain to step also into the perennial stream of philosophy which presented a well-balanced view of human nature avoiding the spiritualist-materialistic monism on the one hand and various forms of dualism on the other.
It is this system of philosophy that Thomas Aquinas adopted, revived and refined as to make it the very foundation of his psychology. Now we should admit that even such psychological consideration of man and his nature is not without its limitations. For "it has to do with a being so fabulously rich and complex, that the result is practically indefinable: 'Man's aspects are so vast, so varied, and too numerous'."